women in China
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Chinese Cartography
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This 6 page paper delves into the history of map making with a focus on China. The differences and similarities between the Chinese cartographers and those from other venues are examined. Contributions made by China in this realm are highlighted. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: SA021map.wps

Chinese Education
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An 8 page research paper that investigates the status of Chinese education, comparing it with American practice and discussing how it has modernized. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: khchined.wps

Chinese Film -- 'Farewell My Concubine' Analyzed
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This 4 page research paper examines the 1993 Chinese film, Farewell My Concubine. Specifically discussed are the film's opening and closing scenes, asks and helps answer five questions pertaining to the film, and considers a particularly thought-provoking aspect of the film.
Filename: Farewell.wps

Chinese Heritage And Higher Education
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6 pages in length. Taking example from Michael Ondaatje's "Running in the Family," the student is able to reflect upon one's own Chinese heritage and openly relate to the inherent struggles associated with progress and modernization. That the Chinese legacy is one of hard work and loyal dedication to one's homeland amidst economic strife, it is not surprising to find that the student's parents had little time raise their child while they ran the family business, finding it necessary to send the student to America in search of a better life through higher education. To the Chinese, a solid education is tantamount to future economic success. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TLCherit.wps

Chinese Humanism Regarding Heaven
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This 7 page paper argues that the approaches to Heaven are seen as being varied among the ancient Chinese philosophers, however, they shared a viewpoint based on humanistic principles similar to those proposed by Western philosophers of note. The basic form of understanding toward Heaven and a priori intervention is first presented by Confucius and then expanded or negated by philosophers who followed, specifically Xunzi, Zhuang Zi and Mo Zi. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: KTheaven.wps

Chinese Immigration
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5 pages in length. During the period of Chinese immigration to the United States, the historical construction of the "Oriental" began as an alien image who threatened "real" Americans. The three images of the Chinese developed: "pollutant" (a racialized alien who spoiled the image of California as a free white republic, "coolie" (unfree, servile labor that threatened the working class) and "deviant" (Chinese women as prostitute and Chinese men as domestics were sexual threats undermining the American ideal of the cult of domesticity and the beliefs against racial mixing). Examining the specific political, economic, social and legal treatment the Chinese immigrants received, one might readily surmise that the coolie image contributed most to that treatment and eventual exclusion of the Chinese. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TLCchnim.wps

Chinese Immigration In The 19th Century United States
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A 5 page research paper which examines the conditions faced by Chinese immigrants in the nineteenth century and then gives a quick overview of how these conditions evolved and changed to the present time. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Chinaim.wps

Chinese Music: Bianzhong Bells
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A 5 page research paper that focuses on the discovery of the Bianzhong bells, a set of 64 bells that are 2,400 years old, that were unearthed during the excavation of the tomb of the Marquis Yi of Zeng in the 1970s. The writer also includes an overview of the topic of ancient Chinese music. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: khbianz.wps

I Fight Like A Woman - Women's Rights In China
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A 5 page overview of women's plight in China and how that plight was addressed by the 1995 United Nations women's conference in Beijing. Concludes that while the conference resulted in little overt impact to women's rights in China it is the little positives which resulted which will ultimately make a difference. Bibliography lists 15 sources.
Filename: Chinwomn.wps

Pang-Mei Natasha Chang/ Bound Feet & Western Dress
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A 5 page analysis of Chang's memoir, which depicts not only her own life, but the story of her grand-aunt's as well. Chang's great-aunt, born during the Box Rebellion, had an extraordinary life that demonstrates the tension that existed in China between new Western ideas and Chinese tradition. A remarkable book, the writer argues that this narrative has a great deal to say to all women. No additional sources cited.
Filename: 99pmnch.wps

Problems of Women in Rural China
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A 3 page paper which examines the problems currently faced by women in rural China and some solutions which have been suggested. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Rurchina.wps

Chinese Poetry
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A very basic, 4 page overview of Yu Hsuan-Chi's "On a Visit to Ch'ung Chen Taoist Temple (9th century A.D. -China) with comparative reference to Washington Allston's poem "Rosalie." (17th century). No bibliography.
Filename: Chinapoe.wps

Chinese Political Institutions
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A 5 page research paper that examines the continuities and discontinuities in Chinese political institutions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: khchipol.wps

Chinese Reform
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This 5 page paper looks at three leaders of the late Qing period of Chines history: Empress Dowager Cixi, Kang Youwei and Sun Yat Sen, in terms of their stance on reform as well as how they viewed Chinese culture. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: KTrfmcha.wps

Chinese Spirit Objects / Book Review
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5 page review of concepts in a book by Zheng Dekun & Shen Weizhun entitled "Chinese Spirit Objects." Accompanied by full bibliographic reference, the text reviewed examines the meaning of Minqi and the style of Qin figures.
Filename: Chinnok3.wps

Chinese Values In Business Practices
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A 6 page paper. Cultural values are inherent in the corporate structure in any nation. Business practices founded on the Chines cultural values are far different than what the typical Westerner is accustomed to. This paper discusses the cultural values founded on Confucianism and how these are translated into business practices. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: PGchbus.wps

Chinese Women And Communism
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Nationalism, or what Westerners tend to define as communism, effects not only the economic and political aspects of a culture, but also, the social evolution by restricting and, or, discouraging independent ideas and innovative processes. This 8 page paper argues that the transition to communism in China was a political and idealistic process that had little or no room and, or, inclination for advocating the rights of women, even though the basic tenets of communism, as presented by Karl Marx, is the value of the human 'capital'. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: KTchncom.wps

Christianity in China
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This 10 page paper provides an overview of the history of Christianity in China. However, the main points of the paper concern how things changed after the country became communist. The state of the church in China today is a primary focus. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: SA045Chi.wps

Confucianism and Filial Loyalty
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A 5 page research paper that examines how Confucianism emphasizes loyalty to one's family (filial loyalty) above all other social factors. The writer explores pros and cons of this worldview via a literature review. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: khfilial.wps

Spence's 'Death of Woman Wang' / Female Non-Personhood
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A 5 page paper examining this book by Jonathan D. Spence. Looking at social conditions in seventeenth century China, the paper argues that women in this era were essentially not considered to be people at all. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: Wangwomn.wps

Spence's 'Death of Woman Wang' / Social Abuse
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A 5 page paper examining the theme of domestic abuse in 17th century China in this book by Jonathan D. Spence. The paper argues that because Chinese society placed so much power in the hands of one gender at the expense of another, tragedies like the brutal death of Mrs. Wang were inevitable. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: Womnwang.wps

The Idea of Womanhood in Traditional Chinese Society
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Since as early as the 7th century B.C., women in China have been permitted to hold positions of power and even lead in prominent positions as national figureheads. Unfortunately, no level of leadership, education or social prominence for women could change the patriarchal nature of traditional Chinese society. From the early Han Dynasty to the last of the Chinese dynasties, the Ch'ing Dynasty (17th-early 20th centuries) women have played significant and defining roles in the political structure of China, though these roles have been defined by the death of their husbands and their circumstances rather than by the social acceptability of female leaders in Chinese society. This 5 page paper reflects the lives of a number of prominent women in Chinese history, including Ban Zhao of the Han dynasty, Song Ruoxin of the Tang, Empress Wu Zeitan of the Zhou Dynasty, and Tzu-Hsi, dowager Empress of the Ch'ing Dynasty and defines the impact of the patriarchal definitions in determining their impact on history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Womnchin.wps

The Role of Women in Chinese Literature
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This 5 page paper is divided into to segments: the first addresses the role of women and the different female perspectives presented in Chinese literature during the Tang and Song dynasties, and relates gender differences based on authorship; and the second segment considers the social changes that occurred in China after the An Lushan Rebellion of 755. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Chinale.wps

The Role Of Women In The Chinese Family: Maxine Hong Kingston's The Woman Warrior - Memoirs Of A Girlhood Among Ghosts And Fae Myenne Ng's Bone
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This 5 page paper provides a comparison of the central theme of the role of women within the family structure of Chinese and Chinese-immigrants as related through Maxine Hong Kingston's The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood among Ghosts, and Fae Myenne Ng's Bone. This paper not only considers the role of women in the family, but also relates this role to the Chinese mythology and the perspectives of individuals women within the development of these stories. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Kingch.wps

Tzu Hsi, the Empress Dowager of China
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A 5 page research paper on the life of Tzu Hsi, who has the mother of the emperor became the power behind the throne of China for fifty years. Ambitious, xenophobic, anti-modern and superstitious, she lived a life of luxury and ostentation to the detriment of her country. Her rule, rather then preserving traditional Chinese culture as she desired, undoubtedly hastened the dominance of China by the foreign influences. Bibliography lists 20 sources.
Filename: 90tzuhsi.wps

Women Contesting the Gender Ideals of Late Imperial China
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A 5 page paper which examines the historical social, textual and bodily practices which constructed the ideals of the female gender and women's ability to contest these gender boundaries in late Imperial China. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Genchina.wps

Women in Chinese Culture Analyzed
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This 15 page research paper examines the role of women throughout China's cultural history. Specifically considered are women's roles from a historical perspective, the theme of 'big' tradition (government) vs. ‘little' tradition (household and the masses) and the outlook of women in China today. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: Chinwom.wps

Kant, Suzuki, & The Philosophy Of Zen Buddhism
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A 6 page paper on the differences and similarities between the theories and philosophies of Immanual Kant, and Suzuki Roshi. It gives some insight into each of these two philosophies, explaining how they work in practice and in theory. The writer also discusses how each effect life today. No bibliography.
Filename: Kantzen.wps

Human Rights in China & the U.S.
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This 10 page paper outlines the differences in perception between the United States and China in terms of human rights issues. The 1989 Tiananmen Square incident is highlighted as a significant example as well as an occurrence that changed foreign policy. Also explored is whether or not there can be an objective human rights determination; the paper concludes that human rights issues are subjective and rely largely on cultural perceptions. Bibliography lists 8 sources
Filename: Humchin.wps

Democracy In China
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A 12 page research paper dealing with the background and development of the democracy movement in China which culminated in the student demonstrations of 1989 in Tiananmen Square. The writer concentrates on the book The Deng Xiaoping Era by Maurice Meisner since this scholarly work gives an excellent overview of the events, politically and culturally, which contributed to the development of the movement. This paper demonstrates that with a thorough knowledge of the background of the movement the rather inexplicable events of 1989 begin to make sense within their own cultural framework. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Demchina.wps

Tiananmen Square / An Historical Perspective
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A 6 page paper that traces the political history of the Gate of Heavenly Peace, and then explores the six weeks leading up to the Tiananmen Square Massacre. The paper provides 3 viewpoints on the deaths involved, and ends with two quotes, one from an intellectual involved in the occupation of the Square and the other from Xioaping Deng--that shows the diverse outlook on the occupation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Tian.wps

Tiananmen Square Remembered
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An 8 page creative essay in which the writer tells what happened on that fateful day from the semi-fictional perspective of someone who was actually there [based on documented eyewitness accounts]. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Tiansq.wps

Taoism -- Approach to Turbulence Analyzed
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This 6 page research paper examines the emergence of Taoism in feudal China. Specifically considered are the natural characteristics and elements of Taoism such as the explanation of the universe, invisible and visible Tao, good and evil, morality and the consequences of going against the teachings of Tao. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Taoism2.rtf

Taoism in Feudal China
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This 8 page research paper examines the emergence of Taoism as a response to the war-like mentality of feudal China. Specifically considered are the similarities and differences between Taoism and Confucianism and the elements of Taoism as discussed in Lao Tzu's official text, Tao Te Ching, on such issues as the natural explanation of the universe, invisible and visible Tao, characteristics, causes of world misery, war, material greed, lawlessness, and desires. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Taofeud.wps

Taoism -- Ancient Chinese Religion
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A complete, 9 page overview of Taoism-- an ancient Chinese religion. The writer discusses the philosophy, traditions, practices, and rituals of Taoist people as well as some of their legends and sacred scripts. Variations of Taoism, Taoism's relevance to Confucianism, and the endurance of the religion today-- are among the many other subtopics covered in this comprehensive discussion. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Taoism.wps

Notions of Rulership in Chinese State Craft in 'Tao Te Ching' and Writings of Han Fei
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A 7 page paper which compares and contrasts the notions of rulership in Lao Zi's Tao Te Ching (Dao De Jing) and the writings of Han Fei to consider whether it is possible to read Lao Zi as a political theorist, how this limits the interpretation of Tao Te Ching, how Han Fei incorporates Lao Zi-like mysticism in his view of the ideal polity, with particular attention to the role of the individual in his political philosophy. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TGlaohan.rtf

Tao Te Ching
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a 6 page paper on this Chinese philosophy. The writer explores the history of Tao and gives a summary of its basic principles. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Taoching.wps

Confuscianism, Taoism, Legalism
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A 5 page paper that discusses Arthur Waley's [author of book w/ same name] opinion and categorization of pre-Han eastern religious/philosophical debates in regard these three dimensions of thought. The writer argues that Waley's view is limited by his own interpretation of the that discourse. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: Conftao.wps

Confucius, Alexander the Great & Socrates / A Comparison
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A 4 page comparison of three historical figures, Confucius, Alexander the Great and Socrates. Discusses the accomplishments of each and presents a comparison of military verses philosophical pursuits. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: PPconfuc.wps

Israeli and Palestinian Conflict 1947- 1987
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This informative and concisely written 9 page paper looks at the history surrounding the State of Israel and its conflict with the Palestinians as well as its' Arab neighbours. The origins of the State of Israel are briefly considered with the paper concentrating on the period between 1947 and 1987. This includes The United Nations partition plan; the Six Day War; the formation of the Palestinian Liberation Army; the Cairo agreement; the Yom Kippur War; the role President Sadat of Egypt; President Carter and the Camp David Accords and the 1987 intiffada. The bibliography cites 5 sources.
Filename: TEisrael.wps

China's Fall To Communism
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A 10 page paper discussing the rise of China's Communist party under the leadership of Mao Zedong, with emphasis on the Long March. In many ways it appears that China's Communist party was victorious almost more as a result of Chaing Kai-Shek's weak leadership than because of their own superior abilities. Without his unnatural obsession for eradicating Communists rather than foreign invaders, the observed history of China likely would be far different. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Chinalco.wps

Mao and Kim / Two Faces Of Communism, Two Faces Of Famine
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A 6 page overview of the politics of Mao Tse-tung in the People's Republic of China and those of Kim Il Sung in North Korea. Points out the similarities and concludes that each was responsible for the tremendous famines experienced and being experienced by their countries. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Mao&kim.wps
Filename: Mao&kim.wps

Mao Zedong / Legacy
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A 5 page essay on the history of Mao Zedong's government through historian eyes and the eyes of civilians during the period. The writer discusses Mao's policies, and how they applied to individuals—and how they are still a huge influence upon China. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Maodong.wps

The Last Emperor
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A 6 page paper discussing the many events that have taken place since the end of imperial China and the removal of the last emperor, Puyi. Issues addressed include China’s involvement with Japan, the growth of the People’s Republic of China, Mao Tse-tung, and the war of 1911, which essentially ended the imperial rule. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: RAemper.wps

The Modernization of China
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A 7 page research paper on the collision course that is forming between China's steadily growing population and the corresponding increasing need for food. China has over one-fifth of the world's population, but only about a seventh of the world's arable land. Experts fear that China may be headed for another famine equal to the one which followed Mao's push toward industrialization in the 1950s. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Modchina.wps

History of Jews in China
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This 10 page report discusses the history of the Jews in China. Approximately 1,000 years ago, of Jewish traders from the Middle East who settled in the Sung dynasty's imperial capital of Kaifeng along the Yellow River in east central China. They openly prayed in Hebrew, observed Jewish dietary laws, circumcised their newborn sons and built a synagogue facing Jerusalem in which to worship. They lived in peace for centuries, eventually establishing a Jewish society and culture that has been estimated to range in numbers between 5,000 to 9,000 people. In the 1930s and 1940’s, there were an estimated 30,000-40,000 Jews in China. Most of whom left after the end of World War II or during the Cultural Revolution. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: BWchina.rtf

Differences & Similarities Between Lenin, Stalin, & Mao
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An 10 page reseach paper analyzing the similarities and differences of Lenin, Stalin, and Mao. The impact they had on their country is discussed. Further, a comparison is made between the writings of Lenin, Hitler and Mussolini. All were fanatics, all were dictators, all blamed another segment of their society for everything that was wrong. Extensive bibliography is included.
Filename: Lenstalin.wps

History of Jews in China
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This 15 page report discusses the history of the Jews in China. Approximately 1,000 years ago, of Jewish traders from the Middle East who settled in the Sung dynasty's imperial capital of Kaifeng along the Yellow River in east central China. They openly prayed in Hebrew, observed Jewish dietary laws, circumcised their newborn sons and built a synagogue facing Jerusalem in which to worship. They lived in peace for centuries, eventually establishing a Jewish society and culture that has been estimated to range in numbers between 5,000 to 9,000 people. In the 1930s and 1940’s, there were an estimated 30,000-40,000 Jews in China. Most of whom left after the end of World War II or during the Cultural Revolution. Bibliography lists 7 sources. This paper is an extension of BWchina.rtf.
Filename: BWchin15.rtf

The Human Rights Policy of The United Nations & Implementation of Those Policies in China
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In 5 pages the author discusses the human rights policy of the United Nations and an analysis of the implementation of those policies in China. 'The UN human rights committees focus their goals on human rights violations, and ensuring equality on all aspects. China has been cited as a violator of the human rights covenants that were established by the United Nations.' Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Unrights.wps

Social Hierarchy: Similarities Between Old Regime Europe, America, Hindu India and Confucian China
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A 7 page discussion of the similarities between four distinct geographic and political regions in terms of social hierarchy. Emphasizes the role of the lower classes in shaping and supporting each region. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: PPsocHei.wps

Principles Of Confucianism
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This 10 page paper examines the Eastern philosophy (and religion) known as Confucianism. Specifically, there will be a discussion of the philosophy's origins, the emergence of Confucian schools of thought, tenets, rituals and principles as outlined in the classics and books of Confucianism. Bibliography lists 10+ sources.
Filename: Confuphi.wps

Ezra Pound / Philosophy & Works
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9 pages in length. Ezra Pound was an American avant-garde poet, critic, and translator, who exerted an enormous influence over the development of English and American poetry and criticism during the early 20th century. Interestingly, Pound actually led the Modernist interest in Chinese poetry and is therefore quite significant to Asian studies. Report is largely a comprehensive, sociopolitical examination of Ezra Pound's influence, philosophy, and style. Bibliography lists 5 critical sources.
Filename: Ezrapoun.wps

Heidegger, Zen Buddhism, and the Value of Meditative Thinking
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A 9 page paper outlining the teachings of Heidegger and Zen Buddhists. The writer examines the similarities in both views of reality, self, and the value of meditation as it relates to their ideas. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Heidegge.wps

Concepts of Ritual and Law in Confucius, Mencius & Han Fei
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A 6 page paper considers the concepts and social function of rituals and laws in the writings of Confucius, Mencius and Han Fei, specifically, how rituals and laws relate to each other, according to each philosopher, their similarities and/or differences, the preferable way of ensuring ritual, law and order, as well as how each depends on the philosophers' individual concept of human nature. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: TGritlaw.rtf

Confucius And Benevolence
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8 pages in length. The writer discusses how Confucius recognized the fact that humanity has turned into a selfish, egotistical and myopic entity. No longer are people more concerned with others than they are with themselves. This move away from benevolence has caused considerable harm to man's reputation, as well as to the manner in which people interact. However, there does not appear to be any signs of significant change to this gross lack of social responsibility; therefore, it is safe to assume that mankind will continue down the road of self-centeredness. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: TLCconfu.wps

Confucius vs. Plato / Their Ideas On Society & State
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This 11 page research paper compares and contrasts the views of Confucius and Plato on society and the creation of a ruling state. Specifically discussed are the nature of man in terms of good and evil, what role, if any, a higher power plays; whether or not morality can be learned; and the purpose of the state and qualities of its leaders. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Conplato.wps

The Analects of Confucius
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A 6 page research paper on the history, value and significance of Confucius' Analects, a multi-volume, 2,500 year old collection of his sayings put into writing after his death by his followers. Confucius had something to say about every aspect of human life within the confines of his society, truths that today, even with all the societal changes that have ocurred over the centuries, remain truths applicable still to human life that Confucius worked so fervently to improve. Bibliography lists 6+ sources.
Filename: Confucis.wps

Confucianism / Book Review
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5 page review and discussion of the book 'An Outline of Confucianism' by D.Y. Lee. Author describes the history and evolution of this core philosophy.
Filename: Confucia.wps

Chen Village & Long Bow: / Communism Spreads Through Village Communities
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A 7 page research paper in which the writer considers the way in which village communities were utilized as central focuses for the spread of communism during the first half of the 20th century in China. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Chenvill.wps

Morgan Stanley in China
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An 8 page paper discussing Morgan Stanley’s first joint venture ever, which was in what may be the most difficult areas in which to work. China still believes in the communist philosophy, but the government also is highly pragmatic regarding its own abilities to improve the quality of the people’s lives. Other partners in the venture were the China Construction Bank, China National Investment and Guaranty Corporation, Government of Singapore Investment Corporation and the Mingly Corporation, and all banded together to create China’s first investment bank, the China International Capital Corporation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Morgstan.wps

Legalism in Feudal China Analyzed
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This 5 page research paper examines the legalism, which along with Confucianism and Taoism, was a response to the chaotic Chinese feudal system. Specifically discussed are legalism views on the characteristics of a good leader; whether or not morality is important in good leadership; the relationship between the ruler and his ministers, subjects, family and friends; effective ways of dealing with the gap between rich and poor; and identification of the five vermin and why they pose a challenge to legalist authority. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Feudchin.wps

1587 - A Year of No Significance / The Ming Dynasty Decline
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A 5 page paper that provides an overview of Ray Huang's book and considers the contradiction between the title and the content of the work. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Huang.doc

A Comparison Between The Han Dynasty And The Ancient Greeks
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6 pages in length. A comparative paper in which the writer attempts to reconcile how classic Greeks would view China during the time of the Han Dynasty. The writer explores various differences in the politics and culture of these two groups.
Filename: Chinagre.wps

Ancient Chinese Warfare / Book Review
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5 page review of Shalin Hai-Jew's 'Romance of the Three Kingdoms'--a book that traces ancient Chinese warfare and diplomacy through various early dynasties (originally compiled by Luo Guan Zhong during the Ming Dynasty). No bibliography.
Filename: Chinnok2.wps

Chang's 'The Rape of Nanking' / The Chinese Holocaust
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A 5 page paper on Iris Chang's non-fiction book The Rape of Nanking. In this work Chang describes the systematic murder of the population of this Chinese city by the Japanese in 1937, and posits some reasons for the Japanese soldier's unthinkable brutality. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Nanking.wps

History Of The Abacus / From West To East & Beyond
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A 15 page paper that provides an overview of the history and development of the abacus. The report essentially compares the Chinese, Roman, Greek, Russian and Indian counting methods utilizing similar instruments. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Abacus.doc

History, Continuity & Chinese Civilization
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A 4 page paper that supports the recognition of continuity in ancient Chinese history as an element of current-day Chinese civilization. The writer disagrees with the perspective of Jacques Gernet and other historians who claim that by revelling in ancient Chinese history, historians lack a perspective on the changing status of the country. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Chinciv.wps

Sino-Soviet Relations From 1945-1989
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5 pages in length. Nineteen eighty-nine was a most significant year for Sino-Soviet relations. The Chinese and the Russians had endured several decades of discord that ultimately culminated in the restoration of party-to-party relations, bringing together the two communist parties. The events that initially caused the rift between the two powers served to create considerable strain within existing Sino-Soviet relations; these concerns were not so much because of Russian initiatives or concessions but more because Chinese developments. The writer discusses the events affecting Sino-Soviet relations between 1945 and 1989. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Sinosov.wps

The Communists and the Kuomintang / The Struggle For Power In Revolutionary China
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A 9 page paper detailing the power struggle between the Communist Party and the KMT (Kuomintang) in revolutionary China. The writer details the working ideologies of both parties and explores the social conditions and the political circumstances that produced them. The bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: China2.wps

The Opium Wars
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A 6 page paper discussing the causes and results of the two Opium Wars (1839-1842 and 1856-1858) between China and Britain. In 300 years of trade with China, Britain had developed a thirst for China's tea as well as appetites for Chinese silk and porcelain, but pre-industrial China found very little to desire from Britain's offerings. To ease the resulting tremendous trade deficit, Britain began growing opium in its colony India and insisted that China allow it to enter their country for use by their people. China declined the affront to their national sovereignty, lost Hong Kong to Britain, and later lost all right to restrict the opium trade within their borders. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Opwar.wps

The Positive Effects of Disease - Medieval China
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This 6 page research paper briefly draws on some of the information provided in McNeill's 'Plagues and People,' as well as other information that illustrates that disease can have positive effects for a population. Bibliography lists four sources.
Filename: Chinadis.wps

The Taiping Rebellion & 'God's Chinese Son'
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This 3 page report discusses the rise of Hong Xiuquan and his version of Christian theology that led him and his followers in an attempt to overthrow the Qing Dynasty. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Taiping.wps

Today's China in Light of the Past
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A 5 page paper discussing modern China with reference to long-standing beliefs and practices. As a culture both ancient and so new as to be positively modern, China remains a study in contrasts. Guangdong International Trust & Investment Corporation (GITIC) was forced by the government to go bankrupt when it was not destitute, but the government was alarmed over what it perceived to be the same types of patterns that preceded the currency and banking crisis in Japan and determined to force the GITIC to cease making what it believed were loans of questionable value. China remains an official 'big emerging market,' but it is yet unclear just what form of government and economic structure will grow from the current chaos. Bibliography lists 23 sources.
Filename: KSchina99.doc

Under the Ancestors' Shadow
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A 5 page paper discussing the book with the same name by Francis L.K. Hsu. Many issues are discussed in regards to China and how things have changed since Hsu's book was published. Social mobility, the importance of farmers, personality, and kinship are but a few of the issues covered in the book and discussed in this paper. Hsu's book gives the reader a sound foundation for being able to more fully understand the present condition of China. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Ancshad.wps

Buddhism in China Analyzed
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A 5 page paper examining how the religious practices of Buddhism found their way to China and became an integral part of both Chinese philosophy and religion. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Budchin.wps

Hu Shih & D. T. Suzuki / Philosophy of Zen Buddhism
[ send me this paper ]
In 9 pages the author debates between the philosophies of Hu Shih and D. T. Suzuki and how each argues Zen philosophy. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Hushih.wps

Contemporary Issues And Images Of Asian-Americans
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8 pages in length. The notion of cultural assimilation carries with it significant challenges for those who strive to adapt to an entirely new way of life. The manner by which issues are addressed in Asian-American media provides one with a significantly better understanding of just how difficult a time myriad Asians have had while attempting to reconstruct their entire cultural existence. Various media formats have adopted a perspective on Asian ethnocentricity in such a way as to clearly illustrate these challenges, with film, television and print offering much the same viewpoints. The vast issues that are presented compare to historical depiction by way of carrying forth the continuing difficulties that exist within Asian-American populations, inasmuch as historical communities reflected much the same obstacles that exist within contemporary society. When one examines the importance of such media attention with regard to the Asian-American society, literary contribution is one area that cannot be overlooked, and Amy Tan is one writer who is at the forefront of accurate depiction. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TLCAsAme.wps

Corruption in China / The Impacts on Economic Growth & Development
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This 15 page paper considers the issue of corruption, both in the government and in the private sector or China, and considers the link between corruption and the problems currently facing China in terms of economic growth and development. Bibliography lists 15 sources.
Filename: Chincorr.wps

Country Study Of Taiwan
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10 pages in length. Taiwan has grown immensely in myriad ways ever since establishing its Constitution in 1947. By implementing its own political structure and moving forward with its economic interests, Taiwan has expanded its existence to incorporate a sense of capitalism, democracy and renewed power as its own nation. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: TLCtaiwn.wps

Creating a Viable Tobacco Company in China
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Creating a Viable Tobacco Company in China: This 11-page essay examines the feasibility of forming a profitably tobacco corporation in modern-day China. The climate is supportive of this particular crop, the Chinese national bank has lowered its interest rates, etc. but perhaps we ought to let the PRC turn this economic corner first. Bibliography lists 6 sources. SNChina1.doc
Filename: SNChina1.doc

Daily Life in China: Yesterday and Today
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A 5 page paper which discusses daily life in China in the past, and then discusses daily life in China today. In presenting this discussion, the paper illustrates the changes that have occurred in China in the past century. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: RAchnlfe.wps

David Christian’s Article on Trans-Civilization/Trans-Ecological Routes
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A 2 page overview of the article published in the Journal of World History. Notes that this article is far more than just another history article. Emphasizes that instead it is an observation of the ecological destruction which went hand in hand with silk roads, that series of trade routes linking China, Europe and Africa. No additional sources are listed.
Filename: PPslkRd2.wps

Determining the Course of History in 19th Century China & Japan
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A 5 page paper which examines what determined the course of histories in China and Japan during the 19th century. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TG19chja.wps

Did the Song Dynasty in China Stagnate?
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This 7 page paper looks at the rise and fall of the Song dynasty in China between 960 and 1279. The paper look at the developments and how these may have lead to stagnation. Discussion includes both the northern and the southern dynasties. The bibliography cites 3 sources.
Filename: TEsongch.wps

The Introduction & Impact Of Buddhism In Chinese History
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This 8 page paper provides a basic overview of the introduction and adoption of Buddhism in China. No bibliography.
Filename: Budpap.wps

Zen Meditation
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A 6 page research paper on the history and practice Zen Meditation. Zen essentially teaches that inner transformative power is found within our own selves and not through pious acts or learning from established masters. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Zenmedi.wps

Chinese Music -- The Ch?in / Chinese Zither
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A 12 page research paper on this ancient and subtle Chinese instrument. The writer includes an overview of Chinese music as well as details on the construction, playing techniques, and music of the Ch?in which shows the history and significance of this remarkable instrument. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Zither.wps

Feng Shui/ Less is Better
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An 18 page research paper that examines the Chinese art of feng shui, which concerns aspects of buildings design and placement that create a harmonious arrangement with nature. After examining this topic via a literature review, the writer offers an example of how a study on this topic might be composed. The questionnaire is included in the appendix. Bibliography lists 22 sources.
Filename: 99fengsh.wps

Lu Chi and the “Wen Fu” or “The Essay on Literature”
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This 6 page report discusses the Chinese writer, poet, and theorist, Lu Chi (261-303) and his “Essay on Literature” or “Wen Fu.” Lu Chi’s remarkable creation opens with a preface in prose and a lengthy analysis in verse of the processes and the patterns of literary creation. It speaks well to the power and impact of the book that for centuries it has been thought of as one of the world’s great works on the art , labor, and reward of literature. Interestingly, much of the information he presents is what is found in writing guides of the present. No sources.
Filename: BWluchi.wps

The Influence of Buddhism on Asia
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An 8 page paper that discusses the advent of Buddhism in India and its spread throughout Asia. The paper focuses on how the malleable nature of Buddhism allowed it to insinuate itself in many different cultures, often changing the very nature of existing religions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Buddinfl.wps

The Chinese/English Biblical Translations
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This 5 page paper considers the issue of the translations of the Bible in China and the popularity of translated texts. This paper considers the views of the Chinese government, the work of Jin Di, and the approach that scholars have taken to relating to the introduction of Biblical texts in Chinese. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: MHjindi.wps

"The Concubine's Children" by Denise Chong
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A 5 page paper which examines different incidents in Denise Chong's "The Concubine's Children." The incidents, or events, discussed are those which help to illustrate how complex the Chinese culture is as it relates to issues such as culture shock, family relationships, marital relationships, gender roles, and social interaction. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAchong.wps

"The Dragon's Village" Chen Yuan-tsung (1980)
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(14 pp.) A Chinese history scholar has written: "Most sympathetic observers of Chinese women have … concluded that a major obstacle on the road to furthering gender equality in China remains the task of overcoming women's long ingrained 'sense of inferiority ' in their new roles and their acceptance of subordination in light of a thousand years of cultural conditioning." This issue will be discussed in relationship to Chen Yuan-tsung's autobiography, The Dragon's Village (1980) Bibliography lists 1 sources.
Filename: BBchnwm.doc

"When China Ruled the Seas"
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A 5 page research paper that uses Louise Levathes' fascinating study of Chinese maritime prowess, When China Ruled the Seas, to discuss the period when the Chinese navy dominated the China Seas and Indian Ocean between 1405 and 1433. No additional sources cited.
Filename: 00chinav.wps

'The Romance of the Three Kingdoms'/ A Primer In Chinese Initiative
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A 16 page paper describing the classic Chinese work on warfare and political strategy. The paper points out how, by studying the strategies of 'Three Kingdoms' (written by protagonist Chuko Liang), Chinese industrialists hope to impress upon their workers that there is nothing foreign or Western about management, leadership, or strategy. The writer examines how Chuko Liang's political and military strategy provides models for today's highly competitive global marketplace, and show how Chuko's trust and confidence in his generals provide models for a team-oriented and initiative-driven approach in industry. Bibliography lists seven sources.
Filename: Kingdom.wps

A Comparative Assessment of Successful Communist Revolutions in Russia and China
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This 8 page paper provides a comparative overview of the factors that account for the successful communist revolutions n Russia and China. This paper considers the similarities of each revolution and the factors that determined the maintenance of communism over time. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: MHRuChi.wps

A History of Foot-binding in China
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This 6 page paper provides an overview of foot binding including how and why it is practiced. Changes since the end of the nineteenth century are noted, inclusive of the outlawing of the practice. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: SA112fb.wps

Acculturation: "Two Years in the Melting Pot" and "Hunger of Memory"
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A 7 page paper which compares and contrasts various aspects of acculturation in Liu Zongren's "Two Years in the Melting Pot" and Richard Rodriguez' "Hunger of Memory." No additional sources cited.
Filename: RArodrliu.wps

Air Pollution in China: Problems and Solutions
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This 6 page paper provides an overview of air pollution in China, and its devastating effects. Whether or not the nation is doing enough to resolve the problem, and protect future generations, is discussed. Effects on humans, and fetal health in particular, are examined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: SA134air.rtf

Americans & Hui Muslims / A Cultural Comparison
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A 6 page paper comparing and contrasting the culture of the Hui Muslims and that of Americans. Although the culture of America is far more complex an issue than that of the particular group of Chinese Muslims, a general comparison and contrast is involved, which illustrates that, even though there are scattered issues which illustrate different aspects, the majority of the issues illustrate vast similarities in the cultures. While this may be directly related to religion to some extent, the differences are, more than likely, attributable to the basic and essential qualities that are inherent in history and culture's involvement in such. For individual cultures appear to follow a similar path in the evolution of their unique cultures. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Amhuimus.wps

Amy Tan's "The Joy Luck Club": Psychological Theories/Perspectives
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10 pages in length. The presence of cultural heritage in Chinese-American life is not as significant as it once was, with the overall incorporation not being of high priority to the younger generations. One may readily surmise that this unexpected and often unwelcome secularism has virtually everything to do with the manner in which the passage of time becomes such a significantly painful occurrence for each mother's personal experience. The writer discusses psychological theories and perspectives, as well as the concept of age, as they relate to Amy Tan's "The Joy Luck Club." Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: TLCjoylk.wps

Ancient Chinese Societies and Regulations
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A 5 page paper which how these ancient societies sought to regulate the individual in order to support the specific belief systems of Taoism, Legalism and Confucianism. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: TGsocreg.rtf

Art Therapy And Chinese Disabled Culture
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This 10 page paper provides background information on Chinese culture, a woman's place in that culture, the social parameters of being deaf and the Chinese outlook on providing special education for the developmentally disabled. It presents the argument that the application of art therapy for the deaf and mentally disabled Chinese woman is not only appropriate but would also provide strength in areas such as communication, social skills, and interpersonal relations. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: KTchiart.wps

Arthur Waley/Opium Wars Through Chinese Eyes
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A 5 page essay that gives an overview of Arthur Waley's text on the First Opium War. Waley points out that other books written on the Chinese Opium Wars do not give adequate attention to the Chinese official most involved in the First Opium War, which was Lin Tse-hsu, who was sent by the Emperor in 1839 to suppress the opium traffic coming illegally into the country. Using primary sources, Waley discusses Lin's career. No additional sources cited.
Filename: khlintse.wps

Asian Women (Hmong Refugees)
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A 5 page research paper that examines the situation of Hmong refugee women in American society who are suffering from depression and posttraumatic stress disorder. The writer discusses the rehabilitation efforts that have directed towards these women and whether or not these do more harm then good. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Asiwome.wps

Aspects of China
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A fifteen page paper which looks at various aspects of China, including the importance of religious systems such as Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism and the rise of the National Party and Communist Party in modern China. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: JLchina2.wps

Bai Juyi (Pai Chu-i, Bo Juyi, Po Chü-i) 772-846 - Poet of the Tang Dynasy
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(5 pp) Bai Juyi (772-846) is considered one of the most prolific poets of the Tang Dynasty. And the Tang Dynasty itself (618 - 907 BCE) is considered to be the golden age of Chinese poetry. We will examine this poet and his works in light of his own historic period. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Bbbaijuy.doc

Bertolucci’s, The Last Emperor – An Overview
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Bertolucci’s, The Last Emperor – An Overview: This 6-page essay examines the 1987 Bernardo Bertolucci film, The Last Emperor. Part embellished fiction, in part fact this epic motion picture depicts the biography of Pu Yi, the last emperor of the Ling Dynasty and much of 20th Century China’s tumultuous history. Bibliography lists 3 sources. SNEmpero.doc
Filename: SNEmpero.doc

Blood, Sweat & Tears - The Price of Progress in China
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A 10 page paper that explores the sweatshop tactics that are being practiced today in the factories of China as manufacturing increases due to the current economic boom. Included is a description of the conditions in some of these factories as well as a discussion on the ethics of this practice as related to business. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: LCChina.doc

Book Review / Early Dynasties
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5 page review of a book by D. Keightly entitled "Shang & Zhou Dynasties : An Historical Examination." The writer analyzes the foundations of Chinese civilization, tradition, culture, political rule, and other developments. Key aspects of the Shane and Zhou dynasties are clarified. No citation.
Filename: Shangdyn.wps

Buddhism in China
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This 7 page paper provides an overview of Buddhism in China. Various forms of Buddhism are explored. Types of Buddhism within China and other nations are compared and contrasted. Some history is provided as well as information regarding religious practices in communist China today. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: SA119Bud.doc

China / The Long March (1934-35)
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An overview of one of China's most dramatic stand-ups in the country's history, "The Long March." For the most part, this was an epic journey across China undertaken by the Chinese Communists in 1934-35 and sprawling out over 5,000 miles. It has been defined by some as the most extraordinary event of its kind in world history and this 5 page paper details its casual factors, philosophical rationale, and political outcome. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Longmarc.wps

China and Japan / Political & Legislative Structures
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A 10 page paper discussing and comparing the political and legislative structures of China and Japan. The primary issue or 'problem' discussed is the idea that the Chinese government has claimed all authority resulting in less innovation and growth compared to Japan's more functional approach to development and government support rather than government control. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Chinjap.wps

China And Japan: Political, Economic And Religious Development Between 1500 And 1800
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5 pages in length. The writer discusses the political, economic and religious development of China and Japan between the years of 1500 and 1800. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TLCchijp.wps

China and the Middle East
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A 5 page paper discussing China's political relationships with the Middle Eastern countries and its trade arrangements with, not only the countries of the Middle East, but also the United States. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Mideast.doc

China and the US: Then and Now.
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(5 pp) Although exceedingly dramatic, the spy plane incident with China last month is another example of one of a long series of erratic politics Chinese style. If this were a domestic incident rather than an international one, we might be tempted to label it just another in a "spin- the-bottle" type of management, as it appears to us in the West that China reacts to situations rather than plans for them. In this discussion we will look at some of the past history of political relations between China and the United States up to the plane "incident. "Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: BBchnpln.doc

China's New Economy for the New Millennium
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A 12 page paper discussing China's great economic gains since the end of the late-1990s Asian currency crisis. China has proven itself to be more than "just" another developing nation seeking to take advantage of temporary advantages for short-term gain. Rather, indicators point toward a nation taking concrete steps to building positive and long-term benefits, taking into account the needs of both the government and the people. China led the world in advances for centuries, but its intended isolation and later full embrace of communism stymied the economic growth it could have enjoyed long ago. It seems now to be poised to rectify past oversights, creating a hybrid of economic reality and ideology that can satisfy ingrained and long-standing philosophy. The paper examines such factors such as GDP, balance of trade, private ownership, and others. Bibliography lists 20 sources.
Filename: KSChinaEcon00.wps

China's Nuclear Weaponry Proliferation
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10 pages in length. Since the time of Hiroshima, there has been an overwhelming sense of comfort and safety associated with the nuclear bomb, just as long as one is on the side with such fierce power. The United States has paved the way for China when it comes to yielding the political strength that inherently comes with nuclear weapons, attempting to educate the world about the pros and cons of such cataclysmic implements of war. Bibliography lists 20 sources.
Filename: TLCchnuc.wps

China's One-Child Policy / Economic Perspective On Governmental Control
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A 10 page paper that provides an overview of the issues related to China's limitations on child rearing and considers the impacts in terms of national economics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Chinaone.doc

China's Railroads
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A 5 page research paper that examines the growth of China's railroads and relates this to the industrial development of the country as a whole. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: 99chrr.wps

China, Hong Kong Thailand and Malaysia; An Analysis
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This 20 page paper consider these four countries and the different factors that will influence business. The paper starts with a comprehensive look at the economic factors such as GDP, inflation and interest rates, and then goes on to consider other macro economic factors at work in the countries, such as the social and cultural influences as ell as the language and educational levels. The paper also list some relocation services. The bibliography cites 10 sources.
Filename: TEchmltw.wps

China, Mexico, and Nigeria -- Education and Change
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This 10 page report discusses the numerous influences that have determined what education will be and how it will develop in these three countries. Each has had the experience of Western imperialism and each have reacted to it in different ways in terms of education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: BWmexed.wps

China: Bad Geographical Karma
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(6 pp.) The amazing thing about China is its incredible size. You may believe that you are going in one direction, and really end up in another - there is that much to know and learn. Unfortunately China may be in a place in its ecological development where the rest of us, world-wide will be influenced as well. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BBchnawa.doc

China; Venture Capital and the Internet;
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This 16 page paper considers the role of venture capital in the development of e-commerce in China. The paper is divided into four parts, the first considering venture capital in china, the second regards the strategy of venture capital investment and the problems, the third then looks at the internet in China with a conclusion in the forth section on the traits of a good internet investment for venture capital in China. The bibliography cites 7 sources.
Filename: TEvcapch.wps

China’s National Minorities
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China’s National Minorities: This 16-page essay explores the significance relevant to the disparities between the Hui and Uighur, two of China’s minority groups. In addition, images of Islam in Han cultural politics is discussed. Although China’s minorities represent a small proportion of the total population, their significance goes beyond numbers because of the strategic territories they occupy -- and the strategic alliances that they have the potential to form. Bibliography lists 12 sources. SNIslam1.doc
Filename: SNIslam1.doc

China’s Revolution of 1911 and the Path Through the Twentieth Century
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A 10 page discussion of the formative events resulting from the Revolution of 1911 which shaped China’s face for the entirety of the Twentieth Century. Identifies Mao’s choice of Communism, and of the U.S.S.R. as an ally as the most instrumental factor in putting China where she is today. Emphasizes that while some of the human injustices which necessitated the revolution of 1911 were resolved, numerous other injustices continue. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: PPChnRev.wps

Chinese and European Culture: "The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci"
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A 5 page paper which discusses Chinese and European culture as presented in Jonathan D. Spence's book "The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci." No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAricci.wps

Chinese and Japanese Children
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This 5 page paper looks at the similarities and differences between the children of these two countries and the ways in which they grow up. The paper includes political structures, social expectations, gender differences and the way they effect the children. The bibliography cites 3 sources.
Filename: TEjapchi.wps

Early Chinese and Japanese History
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This 5 page paper contemplates several problems in Chinese and Japanese history. Leaders are compared and contrasted. Confucianism is discussed in terms of its impact on a people. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: SA112cj .wps

Economic Policy in China
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This 7 page paper examines economic policy in China since the open door policy was implemented by Deng Xiaoping. The nation's economic policies and conditions in the 1980s and 1990s are discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: SA14Chin.wps

Empty Cradles - Population Control in China & India
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An 8 page paper that describes and compares the population control policies that have been implemented in China and India over the last half of the 20th century. Included are discussions of the one-child policy that China implemented in 1979 and the 1970s failure of India's family planning program. Comparisons are made in regard to cultures, traditions, and cultures as well as governmental coercion. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: LCPopCtl.doc

Feng Shui And Graphic Design
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18 pages in length. Advertising is the lifeblood of any company; without it, there is little other way to reach one's target consumer. Indeed, there exist myriad methods and theories that lay claim to appealing to the most number of potential clients; however, there is yet another new and innovative way of approaching the complex and often confusing industry of advertising. The writer discusses how feng shui, a Chinese application that literally means "wind and water," represents an up and coming form of advertising in the graphic design industry. Bibliography lists 14 sources.
Filename: TLCfeng.wps

Freedom of the Press In Taiwan: A True Work of Fiction
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This 10-page-paper presents an in depth discussion on whether Taiwan allows freedom of the press in its publications. Bibliography lists four sources.
Filename: CWtaiwan.wps

Genghis Khan / Life & Conquests
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8 pages on Genghis Khan, the Mongolian Conqueror. The writer analytically outlines his life, battles, conquest, campaigns, etc; Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Genghisk.wps

Genghis Khan's Impact On Asia
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An 8 page paper that evaluates the impact Genghis Khan had on Asia, particularly how in creating the Mongol Empire and the Mongol Army, he affected cultures and practices of the native people and forever changed the face of the continent. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Khangen.wps

Ghengis Khan / The Man, His Empire, & His Infamy
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A 7 page discussion of mongul conqueror Genghis Khan and his long-lasting effects on the structure of the world. Bibliography lists six sources.
Filename: Gkhan.wps

Henry P'u Yi - The Last Manchu Emperor
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A 10 page paper that relates the history and biography of the last Manchu Emperor, Henry P'u Yi, who assumed the throne when he was just barely three years old. The writer reports his life as a child, teenager, his association with the Japanese, his exile to the Soviet Union where he lived under house arrest, his imprisonment in China and his last years. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: PGpuyi.wps

Henry Serruys' "The Mongols And Ming China : Customs And History": Hung-Wu And The Mongols
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7 pages in length. Henry Serruys' account of the Hung-Wu period (1386-1398) in "The Mongols and Ming China : Customs and History" draws upon the author's literary talents, as well as the sordid historical events that revolve around China's Mongols during this period. This detailed analysis provides the reader with a scope of knowledge both vast and explicit, with the book's aim being that of a comprehensive critical overview of how China's Mongols managed to rule for the better part of a century. Indeed, the sources upon which Serruys draw are instrumental in his ability to portray this era as one of China's most powerful. Clearly, the method by which the author assembles the work, as well as his complementary writing style, brings forth the underlying reasons that such a forceful period existed in China's past and what its people have learned from such events, which represent the book's larger issues. No additional sources cited.
Filename: TLCming.wps

Hmong Imigration And Adaptation In The United States
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This 8 page report discusses the Hmong people of the highlands of Laos who fearlessly allied themselves with the United States war effort in Southeast Asia and who have since faced merciless persecution. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Hmong.wps

Hong Kong / Political and Economic Changes
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A 15 page paper that describes the impacts of the process of Chinese reunification on the political and economic status of Hong Kong. The focus of this paper is on those aspects that significantly impact the economic health of Hong Hong. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Hongkon2.wps

Hong Kong as a Potential Business Location
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This 8 page paper looks at the hypothetical situation of a company considering setting up business in Hong Kong by looking that the different factors concerning the destination country that will require consideration. These include the geographical factors, political and economic situation as well as the demographics of the available labour force. The bibliograhy cites 6 sources.
Filename: TEhongkn.wps

Hong Kong's Return to China
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A 5 page overview that speculates about what may happen when Hong Kong is handed back to China, after approximately150 years of British rule. Economic and cultural aspects are highlighted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Hongkong.wps

Housing As Social Control
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A 9 page discussion of the different social control theories utilized by the United States and Tibet / China with respect to housing. The United States and China have very different forms of social control, especially in regards to the settlement of land in another country, as China is settling Tibet. While it would seem that the United States and China/Tibet would have nothing in common in regards to their settlement policies, the fact remains that both countries use a similar social theory as the basis of social control in their neighborhoods. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: Soccontr.wps

Hui Muslims: Their Culture Verses 'Mainstream' American Culture
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A 7 page exploration of the definition of culture as it relates to the Hui Muslims of China and the 'mainstream' American culture. Proposes that the biggest difficulty in such an overview is the definition of 'mainstream.' Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Huimusli.wps

Human Rights and Sovereignty
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A 5 page paper discussing when outside forces should intervene. Nations are indeed sovereign entities, and they need to be regarded as such. When it becomes obvious that they are actively abusing the rights of their own citizens, however, then outside forces need to intervene. The decision may not be politically popular, but it is morally right. Taking that path benefits all involved, and the benefits of the action outweigh the negatives associated with momentarily violating a nation's sovereignty. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: KShumRght2.wps

Infant mortality in Japan
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A five page paper which considers the social, economic and cultural factors which have led to changes in the birth and death rates in Japan, and the decline in the infant mortality rate over recent decades. Bibliography cites 10 sources.
Filename: JLjapan.wps

Jacques Gernet/ "Daily Life in China"
[ send me this paper ]
A 5 page analysis of Gernet's book Daily Life in China, in which dispels some commonly held Western misconceptions about Chinese history. No additional sources cited.
Filename: khgernet.wps

Japan and China: A Comparison of Environments
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A 6 page overview of the natural resources and ecological complexity of Japan and China. Summarizes the fact that since China is larger in terms of physical land coverage it encompasses more ecological diversity than does Japan. Concludes that each country shares the threat of overdevelopment and severe impact to their fragile ecosystems. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: PPchnJap.wps

Japanese and Chinese Development: Reflections of World War II and the Cold War
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A 5 page comparison of the relative development of Japan and China. Links the apparent differences to circumstance and choice of post World War II allies. Contends that the U.S. was charged in many ways with restoring the economic stability of Japan since World War II but only began to emphasize trade relations with China in the last decade. Contends that Japan is much more economically stable because Japan concentrated on high-tech production geared toward export while China’s concentration, as a matter of her Cold War alliance to the U.S.S.R., was on the manufacture of war goods. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: PPjapDev.wps

Joint Ventures and International Business in China
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This 8 page report discusses international joint ventures in China and the successes of joint business ventures between Chinese business and foreign businesses. The ability of business investors who reside in one country and invest in a business in another to influence the firms in which they have an ownership stake is an issue of long-standing concern. With the growth of large corporations and the dispersion of their stockholders in the past several decades, concern about the divorce of ownership from control became important. The question of establishing wholly-owned business in China has become an issue of concern, as well as the future of multinational enterprises both in and with China. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: BWjoint.wps

Jonathan Spence's "The Death of Woman Wang" As an Example of Seventeenth-Century Chinese Social History
[ send me this paper ]
A 5 page paper which examines how the book considers society from the bottom up in order to contribute to a better understanding of Chinese society during this time period, and also discusses what kinds of issues that social history addresses better than political and intellectual histories, to determine how the book presents Chinese society. No additional sources are used.
Filename: TGjswang.wps

Jonathan Spence/ "Search for Modern China"
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A 5 page research paper that examines the period of Chinese history between 1911 and 1937 utilizing the comprehensive history of China by Jonathan Spence, "The Search for Modern China." The writer discusses the weaknesses of the Nationalist government and the forces that caused its downfall. No additional sources cited.
Filename: 99spence.wps

Kingston's 'Warrior Woman' / Mother-Daughter Relationship
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A 5 page essay on the mother's expectations, legacy, and results of the daughter's efforts in Maxine Hong Kingston's autobiography. The writer posits that both the mother and daughter, though retaining separate ideologies, come together in the fact that the daughter becomes a warrior woman, a warrior created through the help of the mother. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Womwar.wps

Labor Markets / China vs. U.S.
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A 10 page paper comparing the labor markets of China and the US. Traces China's journey from a communal system to its present-day attempts at an open market system including a brief description of the US open market system and what it means to a country's economy. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Usclabor.wps

Learning of Self
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(5 pp) When we first begin to make the effort of learning, or deciding who we are, or who we want to be, we usually have to take into account how others perceive us. Naturally the first who do that are our parents. We have that problem presented in the readings that we have been given: Amy Tann's "Two Kinds," and Danzy Senna's "The Mulatto Millennium." These two works will be used as a basis for the "learning of self."
Filename: BBamytan.doc

Legitimacy of China’s Legal System and the Strength of the Chinese Communist Party
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This 5 page report discusses the facts that as China modernizes and becomes a more accepted partner in global enterprises and market opportunities, the Western world is more carefully evaluating the society that has evolved in modern China. The debates surrounding issues as varied as trade normalization, human rights violations, and whether or not China has any hope of hosting the Olympics, those in the debate repeatedly ask whether or not China has really changed (or is changing). Seeing how the Chinese government reacts to its own citizens who criticize it suggests that beneath the facade of international business, the totalitarian behemoth still lurks. In addition, the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) remains firmly in control of virtually all social, judicial, and political occurrences in the nation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BWchileg.wps

Literature of Marriage in China
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An 11 page paper examining 10 anthropologically-centered journal articles discussing studies and observations on Chinese marriage patterns. China existed as a closed society long before the advent of communism in 1949, both practically and philosophically. The traditional Chinese view is that their way is superior to all others, particularly in their family relationships. The economic changes resulting from greater opening of the country in the past generation have lead to changes in marriage patterns that have been dictated by tradition for thousands of years, as these 10 articles demonstrate. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: KSChinaMar.wps

Louise Levathes' "When China Ruled the Seas" and the Importance of Trade on Chinese History
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A 5 page paper which examines how trade significantly influenced Chinese history, according to Louise Levathes' 1994 book, "When China Ruled the Seas: The Treasure Fleet of the Dragon Throne 1405-1433." Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: TGchisea.wps

Lun Yü of K'ung Fu-Tzu / Analects Of Confucius vs. Theories Of Plato
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An 8 page paper discussing the Lun Yu, also known as 'the Analects' of Confucius and comparing them to the views of Plato regarding the reformation of society. Bibliography lists five sources.
Filename: Lunyu.wps

Marketing QUALCOMM’s Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) in China
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This 19 page report discusses QUALCOMM of San Diego, California, that owns the patents that are essential to virtually all aspects of the CDMA wireless telecommunications standards that have been adopted or proposed for adoption by standards-setting bodies throughout the world. Since China does not make CDMA technology, U.S. communications and equipment suppliers such as QUALCOMM are likely to see their sales soar in China since it is widely agreed-upon that China is the world’s fastest-growing mobile telephone market. This paper discusses a number of aspects associated with marketing CDMA in China. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: BWqualco.wps

Michael Ondaatje's "Running In The Family": Heritage
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6 pages in length. Characteristically reminiscent of Ondaatje's heritage, "Running in the Family" clearly represents the author's personal perception of reality as it not only exists within his own mind, but also how it resides within the confines of society. While the story is intricately intertwined with both past and present, Ondaatje relishes the opportunity to weave a web of secrecy and illusion, not unlike the appearance of his own life. The writer discusses how the student might compare Ondaatje's story with her own. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TLCondaa.wps

Military Strategists / Sun Tzu vs. Carl Von Clausewitz
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A 4 page paper that considers the military philosophies presented by Sun Tzu and Clausewitz and the similarities and differences that can be inferred from a comparison of their works. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Artofwar.wps

Military Strength of 21st Century China
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This 5 page report discusses whether or not China’s modernization and its partnership in global enterprises and market opportunities demonstrates a true commitment to modernization and advancement of its society and the Chinese people or to an advancement of its military capabilities. Focus on the people of China by its government in modern times has always been in terms of the people’s ability, if not always willingness, to support its military machine. There is no substantive reason to believe that such a mindset no longer exists. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BWmilchi.wps

Millenarian Movements in Chinese History
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A 6 page research paper that examines the relationship of eschatology and millenarian movements in Chinese history. The writer discusses the Taiping Rebellion of 1850-64 as an example. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: khmille.wps

Modern China -- Economics, Human Rights, and the “Mandate of Heaven”
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This 7 page report discusses the People’s Republic of China in terms of its foreign and domestic economic policies, its human rights problems, and the fact that regardless of the many changes that have altered China in the past two decades, it still remains a primarily communist nation. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: BWchin01.wps

Most Favored Nation Trade Status for China
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This 12 page paper supports the argument that the United States should continue to trade with China and grant the nation MFN status. Both sides of the argument are provided. Politician's views are duly noted. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: SA015MFN.wps

One Aspect of Morgan Stanley's Investment Risk in China
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A 5 page paper discussing Morgan Stanley's first-ever joint venture, and one in which the investment bank in which the company was a partner lost money on telecommunications infrastructure investing in China. Much of the loss incurred later was traced to bribery. Associated risks could have been eliminated from the telecommunications scenario and preserved at least some return for investors. Staunch refusal would have delayed the telecommunications projects in the short term, but those delays likely would have cost less than did the bribes that were paid to effect their completion. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: KSinvest.rtf

Opening up Free Trade With China
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6 pages in length. A discussion on the aspects of the United States considering free trade with China, as well as why sanctions have been passed, and what it would involve to revoke some of the sacntions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: JGAchnfr.wps

Patterns of Chinese Immigration in the USA
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A twelve page paper, based on the concepts in Bernard Wong’s Ethnicity and Entrepreneurship: Immigrant Chinese in the San Francisco Bay Area, which looks at the similarities and differences between the cultural, social and professional characteristics of the two main groups of Chinese-Americans; those who are descended from the first wave of immigration in the nineteenth century and those who were part of the second wave which began in the 1960s.
Filename: JLwong.wps

Photographic Representation of People in China: 1840-1930
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A 5 page paper which presents an examination of photographic work depicting the people of China, through Westerner's eyes, from 1840-1930. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: RAphotoch.wps

Political & Military Reasons for the Defeat of the Nationalist Chinese by the Communist Chinese in 1949
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This 12 page report discusses the takeover of China by Communist forces in 1949. The writer specifically discusses political and military mistakes and lack of leadership bt Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek that led to the defeat of Nationalist China. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Polmil.wps

Ramayana and the Depiction of War
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This 4 page paper provides an overview of the central themes of war and violence in Ramayana and other Indian classics and the status of the warrior in these texts. This paper attempts to determine whether any particular group of men is considered superior to a warrior. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: MHRamaya.wps

Shen Fu/Six Records of a Floating Life
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A 5 page essay that examines Shen Fu's record of eighteenth century Chinese life, Six Records of a Floating Life. The writer discuses how Shen Fu gives the history student an insider's view of life during the Manchu dynasty. No additional sources cited.
Filename: khshen.wps

Solutions to Health Problems in China
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An 8 page paper which presents an examination of the health problems which exist in China and then illustrates solutions, and possible solutions to the problems. The paper presents information and solutions concerning general health care, maternal mortality, environmental risks involving women, and aging issues. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: RAchnhlth.wps

Sorrow And Comfort In "Book Of Songs"
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5 pages in length. On the heels of one of history's most horrendous tragedies, the world is reassessing what it means to live within a vastly diverse global community. Through this renewed appraisal after the World Trade Center and Pentagon disasters, people are seeking comfort by way of myriad sources, not the least of which is poetry and song. History has demonstrated how resilient people can be when provided with the opportunity to address their sorrow and ultimately find comfort. Book of Songs speaks to the need for emotional healing, inasmuch as its very existence is based upon the foundation of understanding. Closely examining these poems allows one to gain a significantly better realization of the source of social sorrow that existed at that time, as well as whether or not those people ever found comfort. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: TLCbksng.wps

Spence's The Emperor of China
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This 5 page paper provides a critical evaluation of this professor's book about K'ang-hsi who reigned from 1661 to 1722. The paper evaluates the emperor's leadership and underlying motives. No additional sources cited.
Filename: SA047Chn.wps

Taiping Rebellion
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A 14 page paper which examines the Taiping Rebellion, which took place from 1850-1864, during China's Ch'ing dynasty, i.e., problems and changes which led to its historical origin, context of the Rebellion and its significance on the course of Chinese history. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: TGtaipng.wps

Taiwan's Quest for Independence
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A 5 page outline of Taiwans most recent efforts toward achieving independence. Relates the post World War II history between Taiwan and China and emphasizes that tensions between Taiwan and mainland China have never been higher. In March, 2000, Taiwan elected a president who ran on an independance platform. China has stated that this is unacceptable. The situation is quite testy and involves the United States in a potential arms sale to Taiwan. Needless to say this situation has the attention of the entire world. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: PPtaiwan.wps

Taoism and Yin Yang
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Taoism and Yin Yang: This 6-page essay explores the history of Yin Yang, and the corresponding beliefs in Taoism. Dating back as far as 5,000 B.C.E. these precepts have largely been responsible for shaping the Chinese culture. Difficult concepts to grasp, most Westerners find Taoism’s innate, non-judgmental philosophy of acceptance incomprehensible. Bibliography lists 4 sources. SNYinyan.doc
Filename: SNYinyan.doc

The Adverse Impacts of Colonialism on Malaysia: Continual Ethnic and Religious Unrest
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A 9 page overview of the colonial history of Malaysia which emphasizes the impacts of immigration on ethnic diversity. With this diversity, and the British institutions of colonialism came ethnic and religious unrest which is still apparent in the country even today. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: PPmalays.wps

The Chinese Educational System
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A 5 page essay on the history and current condition of the Chinese Eductinal System and the problems that it is currently faceing. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Chinesed.wps

The Chinese Market and International Business
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This 6 page report discusses the advantages and disadvantages presented by the Chinese market for international business development and marketing. In 1998, new policies were enacted in China to increase foreign investments and marketing expansion in the country. They included the optimization of foreign-funded industrial structure, the expansion of foreign investments into the petrochemical and construction sectors, improved allocation of foreign investments and attracting businesses from North America and the European Union. Despite setbacks, China still appears to be making a successful transition from central planning to greater market orientation. Compared to many of the transition economies in other parts of the world, it has largely avoided the enormously high inflation, recession and unemployment rates others have experienced. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: BWchimkt.wps

The Chinese Moon (Mid-Autumn) Festival
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A 5 page paper which examines the origin and celebration of the Chinese Moon (Mid-Autumn) Festival. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TGchmoon.rtf

The Chinese of Indonesia and the Attempted 1965 Communist Coup
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This 5 page paper considers the issue of the Communist coup of 1965 in Indonesia, also known as the GESTAPU, and assesses why ethnic Chinese in Indonesia were singled out for maltreatment following the attempted coup. This paper considers the issue of the ethnic Chinese presence in Indonesia and the reasons behind opposition to this ethnic group. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: MHgestap.wps

The Crisis Between Taiwan and China: Suggested U.S. Strategy
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A 3 page consideration of the role of the United States in the conflict between Taiwan and China. Contends that while our role is diplomatic in nature, and geared to reduce friction between these countries rather than escalate them, we should be prepared to intervene militarily to stand behind our warnings to China not to use military force in Taiwan. Criticizes the role of the Clinton administration in this situation and suggests that the George W. Bush administration take heed from their improprieties. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: PPtaiChn.wps

The Emperors of China and Japan
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This 9 page paper considers the different roles of the emperors of China and Japan in promoting or inhibiting programs for political and social change. This paper looks at the period between the mid-19th century through the end of World War II and considers the different culture/ideological elements in the societies of China and Japan in order to consider the function of the emperors in both of these countries. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: MHchijap.wps

The Falun Gong Movement
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This 5 page paper provides information on the movement, but focuses on the trouble the group has had in Beijing. Why the movement has not posed a threat to the United States is explained. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: SA133FG.rtf

The Fate of the Hong Kong Multinational
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This 5 page paper uses the Hong Kong based Rosco toy company as an example for evaluation. The company is discussed in terms of its position as a multinational and in light of the world economies. Other aspects of expansion such as managerial practices and cultural differences are included as well. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: SA015HK.wps

The Feminist Movement in China: The Influence of Internal and External Factors
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A 7 page discussion of the many factors influencing the feminist movement in China. Assesses these factors through a comparison of the works of modern Chinese writers such as Lu Xun and the writings of feminist leaders in China in the early part of the Twentieth Century. Emphasizes that many factors were at play in this movement. Two of the most influential of these were influence from the West and the actions of the Mao regime. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: PPmadman.wps

The History of Chinese Buddhism
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This 8 page paper provides an overview of Buddhism as it exists in China. An extensive history is provided. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: SA112Bud.wps

The Hui Muslim Of China - A Culture Unlike Anything In The U.S.
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This 7 page report discusses the Hui Muslims of northwest China. Muslim separatists want to recover or liberate the land they call 'East Turkistan.' Violence has broken out in what the Chinese government has referred to as 'counter-revolutionary rebellion.' There are some vague parallels between the Hui and the African American and Native American cultures of the U.S. that are very briefly mentioned. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Hui.wps

The Importance of the Affirmation of Life During the First Two Centuries of the Ch'ing [Qing] Dynasty (1644-1844)
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A 10 page paper which considers the importance of the affirmation of life during the first two centuries of China's Ch'ing [Qing] dynasty by examining 18th century Chinese society, culture, literature and social condition of the gentry class. Specifically considered are popular literary works of the period, including Dream of the Red Chamber, Six Records [or Chapters] of a Floating Life, Death of Woman Wang, the literary ‘sketches' of storyteller P'u Sung-Ling, and the decadent poetry of Yuan Mei. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: TGaflife.rtf

The Importance of Transformation During the First Two Centuries of the Ch'ing [Qing] Dynasty (1644-1844)
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A 10 page paper which considers the importance of transformation during the first two centuries of China's Ch'ing [Qing] dynasty by examining 18th century Chinese society, culture, literature. Specifically considered are popular literary works of the period, including Dream of the Red Chamber, Six Records [or Chapters] of a Floating Life, the literary ‘sketches' (bijixiaoshuo) of storyteller P'u Sung-Ling, and the poetry of Yuan Mei. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: TGtrnfrm.wps

The Presidential Election of Taiwan
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8 pages in length. A close look at the election of Chen Shui-bian as president of Taiwan in March 2000. This paper looks at Taiwan's political history leading up to this important election as well as the impact it will have in the future of Taiwan. Bibliography lists 13 sources.
Filename: JGAtaipz.wps

The Relationship Between Melodrama And Realism In The British Cinema 1930- 1949
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This 8 page paper considers the relationship between melodrama and realism in the United Kingdom during this period of time. Dominated by Hitchcock the paper demonstrates the relationship by using one of his earlier films; 'The Thirty Nine Steps' as well as a later Hitchcock style film' The Third Man'. The bibliography cites 6 sources.
Filename: TEmelodr.wps

The Social Problems of the People's Republic of China
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This 5 page paper assess the social problems experienced by the People's Republic of China (PRC), considering some of the underpinnings that occurred during the 1960s and emerging social issues of the current day. Specifically, this paper assess the impact of the 'send-down policy' between 1967-1978, the problem of educational attainment, and the struggles with the integration of recent economic reforms and the impacts this has had on the social structure. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: MHPRC.wps

The Social Side of Poverty in China
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A 10 page research paper that examines the plight of China's poor. Citing documents from the World Bank, the writer presents an overall look at the efforts that are being made to elevate China's poor to a decent standard of living. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: 00chpoor.wps

The Story Of The Stone
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In the reading of The Story of the Stone there is an enormous amount of symbolism inherent in the presentation. The author tells the reader, in the preamble, that many of the names are allegorical. The style of writing, similar to the telling of a myth or fable, and the inclusion of metaphysical thought and paranormal activities (prescient dreams) lends credence to the interpretation of the story in terms of the symbols and the social climate at the time it was written. This is 5 page paper examines the changes in social and class structure in the late Imperialist era of the Qing Dynasty through the auspices of the symbols presented in the story. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Storysto.wps

The Taiping Revolt and the Influence of Daoism
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This 6 page paper explores the collision of beliefs and culture in China. The Taiping revolt is highlighted and the Christianity that the people fought for is evaluated in respect to beliefs held by Daoism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: SA049Dao.wps

The Tao of Pooh
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A 5 page paper which looks at Benjamin Hoff’s correlation of Winnie-the-Pooh with the Taoist perspective on meaning, and how Pooh’s interaction with the other characters demonstrates the Taoist essence of being. One work cited. Taoism.
Filename: JLpooh.wps

The Three Gorges Dam Project in China
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5 pages in which the writer evaluates the Three Gorges Dam Project in China. China is taking a big risk in the building of this very expensive dam. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: 3gorges.wps

The Trade Relationship Between the U.S. and China
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This 8 page paper looks at the specific relationship between the U.S. and China, but spends some time on the concept of free trade in general. Theories regarding free trade are explored. The agricultural sector in China is also a focus of this paper. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: SA114fre.wps

The True Meaning of the Chinese New Year
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A 4 page paper which presents an informational overview of the Chinese New Year to gain an insightful perspective into its great importance to the Chinese culture and reveal its true meaning. No sources are cited.
Filename: TGcnyear.rtf

Tibetan Culture
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An 11 page overview of Tibetan culture. Discusses the environmental and political factors which have shaped this culture and discusses the changes over time. The author provides substantial details of traditional culture and subsistence patterns as well as details regarding traditional gender roles. Discusses the changes these cultural aspects have experienced as a result of interaction with other cultures, particularly the Chinese. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: PPtibet.wps

Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine
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8 pages in length. The recent trend toward alternative therapies, such as traditional Chinese herbal medicine, is one that warrants the attention of the Western medical society. Not only are the herbal therapies valued for their healing abilities, but when used in conjunction with other alternative modalities, they provide a much more comprehensive approach to overall health and healing. The writer discusses the history behind traditional Chinese herbal medicine, as well as addresses its uses in today's American society. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: HerbMed.wps

Training Considerations for Hong Kong Security Guards
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A 5 page discussion of training considerations in Hong Kong security. Delineates the complexities of Hong Kong security as ranging from the mediocre to the highly sensitive. Emphasizes the need for understanding of high-tech equipment as well as the more standard aspects of security. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: PPsecuHK.wps

U.S. Foreign Policy in Respect to China
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This 10 page paper evaluates U.S.-China relations since 1945. Trade as well as other aspects are discussed. Included also is information on how MFN status plays a role and how Tiananmen Square changed things. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: SA113Chn.wps

U.S. Involvement: China and Taiwan
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A 10 page discussion of the historic and contemporary role of the United States in China's conflict with Taiwan over Taiwan's quest for independence. Traces the history of U.S. involvement from 1949 when the Nationalist party relocated to Taiwan from China's mainland. Suggests that the continued involvement of the U.S. in this situation is imperative and that our allegiances should be with Taiwan. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
PPtaiwUS.wps

Uniforms for Students Make a Better Learning Environment
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Implementation of uniforms in public schools means that all students are wearing the same thing as everyone else - what are the positive points for doing this? This 5 page paper looks at the positive aspects of school uniforms for students. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: JGAunfrm.wps

Western Influence on Asia and Africa
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A 6 page overview of the varying interactions of African and Asian countries to Western influence. Provides specific examples from Sudan, Gold Coast (Ghana), Kenya, Morocco, Japan, China, Ethiopia, and elsewhere. Emphasizes that these reactions varied from almost total cooperation to armed resistance and were dependent on a number of factors including time period, previous interrelationships, degree of Western penetration, and economics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: PPAsiaAf.wps

Wild Swans: Jung Chang's View of Quanxi
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This 5 page paper considers the concept of quanxi and defines how it works as a strategy in the book Wild Swans by Jung Chang. This paper considers how quanxi works as a strategy for individuals to get around rigid state control. This paper also considers the creative perspectives presented in David Wank's study of business groups in Xiamen in his article called Private Business, Bureaucracy and Political Alliance in a Chinese City. In addition, this paper also determines why entrepreneurs are more interested in cultivating quanxi ties with the government than in developing their own autonomous business associations to protect themselves from state control. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: MHChang.wps

William Duiker's "Ho Chi Minh"
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6 pages in length. William Duiker's Ho Chi Minh provides an in-depth and comprehensive chronicle of Vietnam's premiere leader and the struggles he faced attempting to gain independence for his people. From the beginning of his political career through his thirty-year isolation to his re-entry into political society with a change of name, Duiker provides one of the most detailed accounts about Minh's political strife. No additional sources cited.
Filename: TLChochi.wps

Women Warriors in Hong Kong Films
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An 8 page research paper on the women warrior genre in Hong Kong films. The writer details the history of the genre, its main features, and describes several examples. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Hongfilm.wps

“Fiction in China under the Communist regime”
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A nine page paper which looks at three stories from the Maoist period in China, in terms of the way that they use metaphorical narratives to criticise the flaws in the regime, such as the way in which women were treated within the community and the difficulties faced by those who tried to improve their own socio-economic status under Communism. Bibliography lists 4 sources
Filename: JLChinafic.wps

“Mona in the Promised Land”: Fiction Parallels Fact in The Immigrant Experience and the Quest for Cultural Belonging
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A 5 page discussion of the cultural implications found in the fictional novel by Gish Jen. Contends that the pressure to conform which confronts the teenage heroine of the book and her more traditional Asian American parents is that which has faced immigrants throughout the history of this country. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: PPmona.wps

“Political elites in China, Japan and Korea”
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A ten page paper which compares the composition of the political elites in China, Japan and the republic of Korea and looks at the ways in which political reforms are attempting to address the problems of corruption at the higher echelons of government in the three countries. Bibliography lists 7 sources
Filename: JLpolelites.wps

“Race and culture in Chinese American society”
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A paper which looks at the interaction of race and culture as exemplified by the Chinese communities in the USA, particularly those in the older Chinatowns and those who formed the second wave of immigration and adopted a more international cultural perspective whilst retaining many traditional social behaviours.
Filename: JLchincult.wps

“Rickshaw” by Lao She
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This 5 page report discusses the major character’s of Lao She’s (pseudonym of Shu Ch'ing-ch'un) novel “Rickshaw.” His writing is known for its humorous and satirical approach and for its elegant use of the Peking dialect. His best-known work “Camel Xiangzi” was originally translated into English as “Rickshaw” and became a best -seller in America. The characters and events of “Rickshaw” are examined in the context of the many social, cultural, and economic influences China experienced in the 20th century. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BWlaoshe.wps

“Survival Rights” in the People’s Republic of China
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This 5 page report discusses the fact that the government leaders of the People’s Republic of China insists that “survival rights” are the most important element of human rights and the primary human right is simply the right of existence. History has demonstrated that in China, there are enormous difficulties involved in guaranteeing survival rights and that “rights” to subjective concerns such as life, liberty or the “pursuit of happiness” are of secondary, perhaps tertiary, concern. After all, humans must be able to survive in order to even consider human “rights. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: BWsurrts.wps

“The Wild Swans”: A Discussion of Twentieth Century China as Seen Through the Book by Jung Chang
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A 6 page discussion of the political evolution which occurred in twentieth century China. Written largely from a biographical standpoint using the lives of the author’s family and herself, this book also provides an excellent historical basis for an understanding of the impacts of politics on the Chinese people. This paper elucidates on several key points in the book by addressing fifteen specific questions. No additional sources are listed.
Filename: PPwldSwn.wps

“Tiananmen Massacre”
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A twenty four page paper which considers the events and implications of the uprising and massacre of Tiananmen Square in 1989 and the subsequent effect on China’s diplomatic relations with the US. The paper looks at the historical background to Tiananmen and the reasons why the dissident movement has led to greater rapport with Western nations than was the case in earlier alliances between China and the West. The changed perception of Deng Xioping’s government in the light of recent revelations regarding Tiananmen is also considered. Bibliography lists 10 sources
Filename: JLtiananmen.wps

“Western Elements in the Films of Zhang Yimou”
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A ten page paper which looks at the work of Chinese film director Zhang Yimou, the most commercially successful of the Fifth Generation of film-makers. The way in which Zhang combines elements of traditional Chinese cultures and narrative structures with a Western perspective is analysed, and also the influence of both Imperial Chinese history and the Cultural Revolution on Zhang’s generation. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: JLzhang.wps


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